About Hormones

Women with imbalances in their sex hormones may experience major cyclic differences in their mood and general health.

It usually appears during the luteal phase (between ovulation and period) as PMS/PMDS. Common symptoms: mood swings, anxiety, you feel fragile and sensitive, reactions not reflecting your personality.

You may also suffer from incorrect hormone levels during the follicular phase (from period to ovulation) where common symptoms are mood swings, lack of ovulation, ovulation pain, irregular periods or missed periods.

I work from a functional medicine perspective, with great interest in optimal health and fertility and how to support the body naturally. Individual-based lifestyle medicine means that I focus on you and your unique situation. I take the time to listen and I find solutions together as a team based on personal situation, symptoms, possible diagnosis and lifestyle.

I don't see your symptoms as the problem itself, instead I look for the root cause of the symptoms. A healthy and balanced body is fertile and has good homonal balance. For me, optimal health and fertility optimization is not just about wanting to get pregnant, but instead I look at fertility as a sign of health where the body is so in balance that it can prioritize the reproductive systems.
I work closely together with Swedish OB/gyn, midwives, endocrinologists and GP:s. If needed I may refer to them for examinations and regular lab-work. I also have close connections with
cbt-therapists, medicinal yoga intructors and doulas. My network of international ND:s, MD:s and physiotherapists are also a great resource.


The ovaries are the producers of estrogen in women. For various reasons, general estrogen production may decrease or increase, and there may be imbalances between the various forms of estrogen.

Estrogen dominance
The term oestrogen dominance relates both to the amount of total circulating estrogen in the body, but also to the relationship between estrogen and progesterone. It is very common with estrogen dominance, which may cause problems for both men and women.

Estrogen dominance may be caused by several different things: hormonal contraceptives, that the liver does not detox estrogen as it should, phytoestrogens in e.g. soy products, hormones and drug residues in tap water etc. Xeno- estrogens are synthetic substances, found in things such as skin care, detergents, laundry detergents etc, that may act as a stronger version of oestrogen and affect your own hormones.

Progesterone and testosterone, respectively, get blocked and prevented from acting normally in the body when there is an excess of estrogen.

The concept of estrogen dominance may also include normal estrogen levels but too low levels of progesterone.

"Estrogen dominance is very common with both PMS and PMDS.
If you have major mood swings or a lot of period pain paired with heavy bleeding,
you have a hormonal imbalance.
It's not normal and should not normalized but be treated naturally
to restore your body's balance "

Common symptoms with oestrogen dominance;
CVD, Endometriosis, Weight gain, Heavy periods, Fascia issues, Loss of libido, Thyroid issues, Nutritional deficiencies, Gallbladder issues, Headaches, Irregular periods, Breast cysts/-painCravings, Nausea, Bloating, Hormonal cancers, Infertility (with both men and women), Mood swings, Nervousness/Irritation, Blood sugar imbalances, Breast adenoma, Oedema, PMS, PMDS

Estrogen deficiency
Lack of estrogen in older women may be a result of menopause, but there may also be other reasons. Low estrogen in younger women may be caused by various factors; too hard and intense exercise in relation to nutrition and rest, PCOS, endocrine disrupting chemicals and ovarian diseases.

Common symptoms of estrogen deficiency;
Heart palpitations, Testosterone imbalance, Irregular periods, Insomnia, Osteoporosis, Incontinence, Night sweats, Fatigue, Loss of libido, Irregular periods, Reduced verbal ability, Forgetfulness, Vaginal dryness, UTIs, Headaches/Migraines, Hot flashes


Progesterone is produced by the corpus luteum after ovulation in the hope that a fertilization occurred. If no fertilization has occurred, the corpus luteum dies and the woman gets her period about 14 days after ovulation.

Many women get reduced progesterone levels during midlife because progesterone is the hormone that first decreases with age. Progesterone deficiency may also occur due to irregular periods or amenorrhea. In the absence of ovulation, there's no corpus luteum to produce progesterone, and you may get an imbalance between progesterone and estrogen.

During menopause progesterone deficiency is common when ovulation decreases and then disappears and the corpus luteum and its progesterone production with it.

"Progesterone deficiency may lead to miscarriage and infertility"

Common symptoms of progesterone deficiency;
Incontinence, Low blood sugar, Dizziness, Increased risk of emboli, Hair loss, Premature ageing
Thyroid issues, CVD, PMS, Allergies, Menopausal problems, InfertilityJoint pain, Depression, Amnesia
Gallstones, Fatigue, Weight gain, Fluid retention, Loss of libido, Sleep issues, Headaches/migraines
Osteoporosis, Miscarriage


When women have elevated testosterone levels, it may cause problems such as PCOS. Insulin resistance is also a common symptom for women with elevated testosterone. The symptoms may vary depending on how the liver detoxes testosterone and what type of testosterone you have an excess of.

"Too much testosterone may cause both women and men to lose their hair "

Common symptoms with too much testosterone;
Male constitution, Hirsutism, Irregular periods, AcneDeeper voice, PCOS, Increased muscle mass, Loss of hair on the head

Cortisol – stress hormone

Cortisol is also called a stress hormone and is produced from cholesterol in the adrenal glands. If you've lived with high stress for a longer period of time, cortisol can be raised above normal and it becomes more difficult to cope with stress, to sleep and relax. If you are stressed for a long period of time without recovery, cortisol can instead decrease and it will get harder to get out of bed or to do anything at all. It's the body way to say stop and that you need rest.

High levels of cortisol can cause a decreased production of our sex hormones. The body believes it is under attack and focuses on survival and not on being fertile and reproducing.


Hypothyroidism means reduced function of the thyroid and the most common symptoms are extreme fatigue, feeling cold, depression, mood swings, weight gain and brain fog. Estrogen dominance is common, as is associated PMS, period pain and irregular periods. Hypothyroidism can also lead to infertility, anovulation and elevated prolactin levels.

Hyperthyroidism means that there is more thyroid hormone in the body than normal. Common symptoms include increased metabolism, palpitation, anxiety, sweating and irregular periods. Hyperthyroidism is more common in women and the symptoms can sometimes be incorrectly linked to stress.

Stopped using hormonal contraceptives?

Your body needs a lot of support when you stop using hormonal contraceptives such as birth control pills, implants or IUDs. Primarily, the body needs to balance the production of its own hormones, but it is often also necessary to balance nutritional deficiencies that synthetic hormones contribute to.

Hormonal contraceptives such as birth control pills, IUDs or injections put the body in a synthetic menopause during the period of use. This means that the body's own hormone production is blocked.

Hormonal contraceptives

Hormonal contraceptives usually consist of progestin (synthetic progesterone) and ethinyl estradiol (synthetic estradiol, oestrogen). If you have a monthly bleeding, it's not a period - it's a withdrawal bleed. When taking hormonal contraceptives, it's common for you to get nutritional deficiencies, which in turn affect your body and well-being.

"Hormonal contraceptives may cause depression, low libido and nutritional deficiencies”

Common symptoms of hormonal contraceptive;
Heart attack, Bloating, Acne, Low libido, Arteriosclerosis Breast tenderness, Fatty hair, DepressionHigh blood pressure, Nausea, Weight gain, Spotting, Embolism, Headache, Feeling blue

Copper IUD

As more and more women want other options than hormonal contraceptives, the use of the copper coil increases. The copper IUD, however, comes with its own side effects that are important to know about.

The copper IUD prevents pregnancy by preventing conception. The coil inhibits the movement of sperm and egg and/or the sperm's ability to fertilize the egg. This occurs through cytotoxic and phagocytic effects before the egg reaches the uterus. Cytotoxic means a substance that damages, kills or inhibits the growth of cells. Medicinal products with cytotoxic activity are used in the treatment of malignant tumours.

"The copper IUD causes an inflammatory reaction in the uterus that's toxic to sperm and egg” 

Side effects
Heavier periods, longer periods, more pain with periods.
The copper IUD doubles the risk for bacterial vaginosis due to its effects on the vaginas microbiome.
May cause excess copper and copper toxicity.

Although there is no proven direct correlation, there is suspicion that excess copper may be linked to all kinds of problems related to our human cycle and fertility. Copper content in the body is higher in infertile women, and there is correlation between both hormonal- and copper coil and infertility. On the other hand, low copper is often associated with miscarriage.

Copper has an affinity for oestrogen - when one rises, so does the other. Even hormonal contraceptives contribute to higher copper levels - the synthetic oestrogens increase copper.

Copper is also an antagonist of zinc, which means they compete for uptake in the body. Zinc is important for ovulation and increases progesterone. When copper is too high in relation to zinc, we tend to have problems with ovulation, which in turn will lower progesterone and lead to irregularities in you cycle and fertility. Excess copper also degrades the thyroid function, which further affects our cycles and fertility.

The famous Mayo Clinic in the United States describes how the copper IUD (ParaGard) works: The device causes an inflammatory reaction in the uterus that is toxic to sperm and egg, which prevents conception.

Having an ongoing constant inflammation of the uterus should affect the health and fertility of the woman in the long term.

The pharmaceutical company Bayer describes its copper coil (NOVA T 380);
"May increase the amount of bleeding and dysmenorrhoea (pain) associated with menstruation. The NOVA T 380 should not be a first choice for women suffering from abdominal menstrual bleeding, anaemia, dysmenorrhea or those receiving anticoagulants. If any of these disorders develop during the use of NOVA T 380, removal of the coil should be considered. NOVA T 380 is not a first choice for young women who have not been pregnant. In this group, the number of pregnancies and removals due to ejection, bleeding and/or pain and infection has been reported to be higher than in other users. "